The Sanskrit language is the one thread which binds together the many contrasting cultures of India. That would be reason enough for any student of India to learn it; but there are other reasons which are equally valid.
Sanskrit, or sa?sk?tabh???, “the refined language,” evolved from the tongue in which the Vedas were written-a language known as Vedic or Vedic Sanskrit. Sanskrit was standardized once and for all by the great grammarian P??ini and his predecessors in about the fifth century B.C. From that time till the Mughal invasion, it remained the chief language used in India for communication from one region to another (with the possible exception of five centuries before Christ, when the use of Prakrit was common). Sanskrit was, moreover, the language used for much of the cultural activity of the subcontinent for nearly two thousand years.
A list of subjects treated in Sanskrit is as follows: The four Vedas, The Br?hma?as and ?ra?yakas, The Upani?ads, grammar (Vy?kara?a??stram), epic (paur??ika) literature-including 18 major pur??as and hundreds of sthalapur??as, classical literature including hundreds of plays, k?vyas and other classical forms, Buddhist Mah?y?na literature, works on esthetics (ala?k?ra??stram), works on erotics, works on medicine, works on philosophy and theology, comprising six main orthodox Hindu systems, six main heterodox systems and scores of subsystems, works on logic, Stotras-devotional hymns, dictionaries, works on astronomy and astrology, works on mathematics, lawbooks, works on ritual, works on Tantrism, works on architecture, histories, panegyrics, inscriptions, works on music, works on sculpture and painting.
Sanskrit does have its share of great writers: K?lid?sa ranks with the freatest poets, P??ini is without question the greatest pre-modern grammarian, the Mah?bh?rata ranks with the Iliad and the Odyssey, and the Bh?gvatapur??a is among the finest works of devotion ever written.
Sanskrit is important for students of linguistics and especially for Indo-Europeanists, as Vedic is one of the closest languages to Indo-European, the parent of most European and North Indian languages. P??ini’s system itself has been an object of study of many modern linguistics students; its discovery has been called the beginning of the modern science of linguistics.
The department of Sanskrit was established in 1965 with the establishment of the college. The department offers Honors courses, Language courses, Discipline course and Interdisciplinary courses in Sanskrit at the undergraduate level. Postgraduate level course in M.A. Sanskrit is also offered by the department. We have two permanent faculty members - Dr. Anita Sharma (Associate Professor) and Dr. Dolamani Arya (Assistant Professor) – and four ad-hoc faculty members. The students are showing good results in both academics and extra-curricular activities, like Sanskrit recitation, speech and quiz.